Ever stare at worksheets containing very large data sets of data and have no idea where to start? How do you break down your data to extract what you need in a meaningful way? Welcome to the power of the pivot table. A pivot table allows you to take the systems data dump and quickly organize it for meaningful analysis. And even with the grandest of accounting and finance software systems — and the fanciest standard reports — pivot tables are easy to create and invaluable to your financial reporting and accounting.
What are the benefits?
Before we dive in to the steps requires to create your table, here’s a quick list of the benefits pivot tables provide:
- Easy to use
- Gives the ability to sort and re-sort information in a summarized format
- Provides data analyses that can be identified and updated easily
- Efficient in creation of reports
- Can be used as a tool to help management make key decisions quickly
Now let’s get started!
Step 1: Organize Data in a Tabular Format
As an example, let’s use data that was extracted from an accounting system for an ice cream shop. The spreadsheet below shows gross sales by quarter, by product, across two locations. To start, make sure your data is organized in a tabular format and does not have any blank rows or columns, as follows.
Step 2: Select Your Range
Next, click any single cell in the data sheet. Click on the “Insert” tab, then click “Pivot Table.”
A dialog box will appear called “Create Pivot Table.” You will see that Excel has automatically selected the range for you to now create the pivot table. Select “OK.”
Step 3: Select Your Fields
The below pivot table field list will then appear. Select and drag the different fields into the filter, column, rows and values in order to achieve your objective with your pivot table.
Another Example to Follow
In the below example, let’s say we need to get the Gross Sales of each product, by quarter, for two locations. You would do the following:
- Drag Quarter to the Columns areas, Product to the Row areas, Gross Sales to the Values area and State to Report Filter.
- In the “Values” area you have the option to sum, count, etc. You might have to edit this (mine doesn’t always show up as sum).
- The “Filters” gives you a drop-down menu so you can toggle between all or a selection of states.
So there you have it! You have nothing to lose and everything to gain by learning how to create a pivot table in Excel and use it. I hope you find this everyday tip useful.
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